Rank And Organization : James Kephart - Private, Company C, 13th U.S. Infantry. Consolidated and designated as the 22nd U.S. Infantry, 21 September 1866.
Place And Date : At Vicksburg. Miss., 19 May 1863.
Entered Service At : Unknown.
Born : Venango County, Pennsylvania.
Date Of Issue : 13 May 1899.
Citation : Voluntarily and at the risk of his life, under a severe fire from the enemy, aided and assisted to the rear an officer who had been severely wounded and left on the field.
Rank And Organization : Julius Schou - Corporal, Company I, 22nd U.S. Infantry.
Place And Date : Sioux Campaign, 1870.
Entered Service At : Unknown.
Born : Denmark.
Date Of Issue : 19 November 1884.
Citation : Carried dispatches to Fort Buford.
Rank And Organization : Bernard McCann - Private, Company F, 22nd U.S. Infantry.
Place And Date : At Cedar Creek, etc., Montana, 21 October 1876 to 8 January 1877.
Entered Service At : Unknown.
Born : Ireland.
Date Of Issue : 27 April 1877.
Citation : Gallantry In Action.
Rank And Organization : Charles H. Pierce - Private, Company 1, 22nd U.S. Infantry.
Place And Date : Near San Isidro, Luzon Philippine Islands, 19 October 1899.
Entered Service At : Delaware City, Delaware.
Born : Cecil County, Maryland.
Date Of Issue : 10 March 1902.
Citation : Held a bridge against a superior force of the enemy and fought, though severely wounded, until the main body came up to cross.
Additional Information on Charles H. Pierce (1875 - 1944)
Charles H. Pierce was born February, 1875 in Cecil County, Maryland, the son of Charles W. Pierce . Pierce left his fathers farm near Chesapeake City, Maryland and joined Company M, 1st Delaware Infantry on May 17, 1898 at the age of twenty three to help his country in the war with Spain, which had broken out on April 25th of that year. At the time of his enlistment he was described as 5'6" tall, blue eyes, brown hair, and a fair complexion.
The war was basically no contest and ended in a matter of months. Pierce was discharged on December 19,1898, and less than a week later he enlisted in the regular US Army. He was assigned to the 22nd US Infantry and sent to Ft. Crook, Nebraska.
As a consequence of the short-lived war, the United States not only got control of Cuba, but the Philippine Islands as well. An insurrection was being led in the Islands by Emilio Aguinaldo. Thus ensued a three year guerrilla war involving 70,000 American soldiers at a cost of 175 million dollars.
On October 19th Major John Ballance, 13th Infantry, was placed in command of an advance guard of troops. Out in front 500 yards was a group of scouts led by Sergeant Charles W. Ray. One of the twelve scouts was Private Charles H. Pierce.
As they approached the Rio Grande River the scouts saw a bridge which had had its planks removed to slow down the advancing Americans. On the other side of the bridge were about 200 enemy soldiers. Sergeant Ray led his scouts in a mad dash for the bridge as they attempted to cross on its stringers. The insurgents let loose with a volley of fire. Private Pierce was hit by a Remington bullet in the left thigh but refused to be taken to the rear. He insisted on staying with his buddies in defending the bridge.
The scouts were compelled to hold the bridge for quite some time before the main body arrived. By the end of the year Philippine resistance had finally been broken. On March 10, 1902, Pierce and Sergeant Ray were awarded the Medal Of Honor.
Pierce appears to have made a career out of the Army. He retired in the late 1920's or early 1930's. He died March 02, 1944 and was interred in Valhalla Memorial Cemetery in North Hollywood, California.
Rank And Organization : Charles W. Ray - Sergeant, Company 1, 22nd U.S. Infantry.
Place And Date : Near San Isidro, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 19 October 1899.
Entered Service At : St. Louis, Missouri.
Born : Pensacola Yancey County, North Carolina.
Date Of Issue : 18 April 1902.
Citation : Most distinguished gallantry in action. Captured a bridge with the detachment he commanded and held it against a superior force of the enemy, thereby enabling an army to come up and cross.
Rank And Organization : Macario Garcia - Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, B/1-22, 4th Infantry Division.
Place And Date : Near Grosshau, Germany, 27 November 1944.
Entered Service At : Sugarland, Texas.
Born : 20 January 1920, Villa de Castano, Mexico.
G.O. # 74, 1 September 1954.
Citation : Staff Sergeant Macario Garcia, Company B, 22nd Infantry, in action involving actual conflict with the enemy in the vicinity of Grosshau, Germany, 27 November 1944. While an acting squad leader, he single-handedly assaulted two enemy machine gun emplacements. Attacking prepared positions on a wooded hill, which could be approached only through meager cover, His company was pinned down by intense machine-gun fire and subjected to a concentrated artillery and mortar barrage. Although painfully wounded, he refused to be evacuated and on his own initiative crawled forward alone until he reached a position near an enemy emplacement. Hurling grenades, he boldly assaulted the position, destroyed the gun, and with his rifle killed three of the enemy who attempted to escape. When he rejoined his company, a second machine-gun opened fire and again the intrepid soldier went forward, utterly disregarding his own safety. He stormed the position and destroyed the gun, killed three more Germans, and captured four prisoners. He fought on with his unit until the objective was taken and only then did he permit himself to be removed for medical care. S/Sgt. (then Pvt.) Garcia's conspicuous heroism, his inspiring, courageous conduct, and his complete disregard for his personal safety wiped out two enemy placements and enabled his company to advance and secure its objective.
Rank And Organization : John E. Warren Jr. - First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company C, 2nd Battalion, (Mechanized), 22nd Infantry, 25th Infantry Division.
Place And Date : Tay Ninh Province, Republic Of Vietnam, 14 January 1969.
Entered Service At : New York, N.Y.
Born : 16 November 1946, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Citation : For Conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. 1st Lt. Warren, distinguished himself at the cost of his life while serving as a platoon leader of Company C. While moving through a rubber plantation to reinforce another friendly unit, Company C came under intense fire from a well - fortified enemy force. Disregarding his safety, 1st Lt. Warren with several of his men began maneuvering through the hail of enemy fire toward the hostile positions. When he had come to within 6 feet of one of the enemy bunkers and was preparing to toss a hand grenade into it, an enemy grenade was suddenly thrown into the middle of his small group. Thinking only of his men, 1st Lt. Warren fell in the direction of the grenade, thus shielding those around him from the blast. His action, performed at the cost of his life, saved 3 men from serious or mortal injury. First Lt. Warren's ultimate action of sacrifice to save the lives of his men was in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
History of the Medal of Honor
The first formal system for rewarding acts of individual gallantry by the nation's fighting men was established by General George Washington on August 7, 1782. Designed to recognize "any singularly meritorious action," the award consisted of a purple cloth heart. Records show that only three persons received the ward: Sergeant Elijah Churchill, Sergeant William Brown, and Sergeant Daniel Bissel Jr.
The Badge of Military Merit, as it was called, fell into oblivion until 1932, when General Douglas MacArthur, then Army Chief of Staff, pressed for its revival. Officially reinstituted on February 22, 1932, the now familiar Purple Heart was at first an Army award, given to those who had been wounded in World War I or who possessed a Meritorious Service Citation Certificate. In 1943, the order was amended to include personnel of the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. Coverage was eventually extended to include all services and "any civilian national" wounded while serving with the Armed Forces.
Although the Badge of Military Merit fell into disuse after the Revolutionary War, the idea of a decoration for individual gallantry remained through the early 1800s. In 1847, after the outbreak of the Mexican-American War, a "certificate of merit" was established for any soldier who distinguished himself in action. No medal went with the honor. After the Mexican-American War, the award was discontinued, which meant there was no military award with which to recognize the nation's fighting men.
Early in the Civil War, a medal for individual valor was
proposed to General-in-Chief of the Army Winfield Scott. But Scott felt medals smacked of
European affectation and killed the idea.
The medal found support in the Navy, however, where it was felt recognition of courage in strife was needed. Public Resolution 82, containing a provision for a Navy medal of valor, was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on December 21, 1861. The medal was "to be bestowed upon such petty officers, seamen, landsmen, and Marines as shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry and other seamanlike qualities during the present war."
Shortly after this, a resolution similar in wording was introduced on behalf of the Army. Signed into law July 12, 1862, the measure provided for awarding a medal of honor "to such noncommissioned officers and privates as shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry in action, and other soldierlike qualities, during the present insurrection."
Although it was created for the Civil War, Congress made the Medal of Honor a permanent decoration in 1863.
Almost 3,400 men and one woman have received the award for heroic actions in the nation's battles since that time.
* Quoted from "Armed Forces Decorations and Awards," a publication of the American Forces Information Service. Copies of the pamphlet are available upon request (in print format only), via the "DefenseLINK Comment/Question Form" in the "Questions" section.
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For further information on the Medal Of Honor please visit this site: U.S. Army Center For Military History